Egypt Travel and Tour Guide | History, Map, Weather, Get in, Get Around.

Ever since the 2011 change, tourism (which gives about 15% of employment in Egypt, so one-sixth associated with population tend to be reliant upon it) has taken a hit this is certainly significant. Due to the downturn in tourism, expect much more persistent and aggressive touts, but prices are reduced and you can avoid the gigantic crowds that, at various other times, had been typically overflowing the sites that are marvelous.

The more counter-revolution that is present Military putsch, like numerous activities of their type, has had repression, death phrases and imprisonment for many Egyptians (and foreign journalists) but has led to reduced crime and decreased disruption for well-heeled foreign tourists.

History and Map:

The regularity and richness regarding the Nile that is the annual River, in conjunction with semi-isolation supplied by deserts to the east and west, permitted the improvement of one of the planet’s great civilizations. A kingdom is certainly unified around 3200 BC as well as a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the following three millennia. The last dynasty that is indigenous to the Persians in 341 BC, which in change were replaced because of the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It had been the Arabs who launched Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six hundred years. A local caste this is certainly military the Mamluks, took control about 1250 and continued to control after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. After the conclusion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became a globe that is an important hub, but in addition, fell greatly into financial obligation. Ostensibly to protect its assets, Britain seized control of Egypt’s federal government in 1882, but allegiance this is certainly moderate the Ottoman Empire proceeded until 1914. Partially separate from the UK in 1922, Egypt obtained sovereignty that is complete World War II. The completion associated with Aswan High Dam in 1971 together with resultant Lake Nasser has actually changed the area that is time-honored of Nile River in agriculture additionally the ecology of Egypt. A populace this is certainly rapidly growing the largest in the Arab globe), restricted arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and anxiety community. The government has struggled to organize the economic climate when it comes to the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in communications and infrastructure this is certainly physical.

Map :

The Weather of Egypt:

Egypt is essentially a desert, an expansion of this Sahara this is certainly great that North Africa. Save when it comes to a thin strip of watered land along the Nile River broadening into the delta this is certainly nice very bit could survive here. As the Greek, this is certainly ancient historian claimed: “Egypt is the gift for the Nile”.

Generally speaking, the summers tend to be dry and hot as well as the winters, reasonable. November through March are definitely the absolute most months that are comfortable travel in Egypt. There is certainly almost no rainfall in the Nile valley so that you won’t need weather gear this is certainly damp!

The climate, but, does differ a bit this is certainly a bit on where you are in the united states. A thin strip of land stretching through the water to 50km southwards receives some of the heaviest rain in the country during winter months on the north coast along the Mediterranean Sea. Thunderstorms along with heavy rainfall baths that often final hours being a few quite normal right here such as for example in Alexandria, Marsa Matruh and all other coastal places, as well as the Delta. The rainstorms can last for the whole day roughly, although the rainfall tends to be less heavy in some years. Hail is also not uncommon, particularly call in the desert in which the weather is normally colder and enables ice to also fall and frost to form on non-rainy times.

In the Sinai Mountains and also the Red Sea mountains, which stretch along the eastern side of the country along the coast regarding the Red Sea, there clearly was typically more rainfall as rain clouds have a tendency to develop when the environment is warm and rises because it moves across higher landscapes. Floods during these places certainly are a weather condition this is certainly common as such rain can fall-in a tremendously brief length of time (normally a time or two), with thunder and lightning too. The water from the rain rapidly falls down over the mountains and mountains and floods local areas due to the desert and not enough numerous vegetation. In fact, every year you will find tales in the neighborhood periodicals about flash floods in areas of the Sinai as well as in Upper Egypt (southern Egypt) such in Assiut, Luxor, Aswan, Sohag, etc. These floods, but, only typically happen two or three times a, and sometimes do not happen after all in a few years, with respect to the weather condition 12 months. It is often at the beginning of times of the growing season such in September, October, or belated winter season such as February or March (often the rainiest period in Egypt) if they happen, however, Thus, you need to be mindful whenever venturing out to the wilderness or camping in some areas as the liquid can abruptly hurry down from the hills which are nearby hills. It may sometimes carry a very good current that has been known to break down houses of rural people who build their homes from mud, bricks, and other products being poor. It’s not astonishing to listen to that some people drown in the floods, which can be odd for a desert country that does not receive precipitation this is certainly much.

Also, in greater elevations such as for example together with the Sinai mountains, conditions can drop a great deal more than the nearby places, enabling snowfall in winter months, since conditions can drop right down to below freezing, along with the formation of frost even in the lower desert that is lying where the temperatures are usually a few degrees cooler compared to the towns and cities.

December and January are often the coldest months of the season, you go and within the larger locations even though it is normally warmer the further south.

Site visitors should be aware that most houses and flats in Cairo and Egypt do not have heating that is central countries with colder climates since the primary weather concern in Egypt may be the heat. Consequently, although the weather might not be so cold for the traveler that is western in the apartment it may be also colder once the temperature inside houses is usually several or a few degrees cooler than calling at the road.

Egypt Ramadan:

Ramadan is the ninth month associated with the Islamic diary and the many months that is important to the Islamic Calendar for Muslims, the majority faith in Egypt. Commemorating the time when God revealed the Qur’an to Mohammed, during this month that is holy Muslims refrain from eating, drinking, or cigarette smoking until after sundown on each day. Although strict adherence to Ramadan is actually for Muslims just, some Muslims appreciate that non-Muslims try not to take dishes or smoke in public areas. During Ramadan, numerous restaurants and cafés will not start until after sundown. Public transport is less regular, shops close earlier in the day before sunset while the speed of life (especially business) is usually slow.

The entire country quiets down and busies itself with all the main dinner of the day (iftar or breaking-fast) that are almost always done as social occasions in big categories of buddies as expected, exactly at sunset minute. Numerous richer men and women offer (Tables of the Gracious God الرحمن this is certainly موائد in Cairo’s streets that cater full-meals free-of-charge for the passers-by, the poorer ones or employees just who could not leave their particular changes at that time. Prayers gain popularity ‘social’ events that some prefer to enrich with unique meals treats pre and post. A couple of hours later on, a springing this is certainly astonishing lifetime of the locations takes place. Streets occasionally richly embellished when it comes to the month that is whole continuous dash hours till very early in the morning. Some stores and cafés make the chunk this is certainly biggest of this annual profit today of year. Prices of marketing on radio and television soars with this duration and entertainment shows are at their particular peak.

Get in Egypt:

As being a traveler that is most important whose financial local weather relies upon tourist cash, Egypt is surprisingly convenient to enter and/or gain visas for if necessary. There are three sorts of Egyptian visa:

Tourist Visa – usually legitimate for the duration perhaps not surpassing a few months and issued on either an individual or entry basis that is multiple
Entry Visa – necessary for any foreigner arriving in Egypt for functions other than tourism, e.g. works, research, etc. The control of an Entry is certainly legitimate Visa needed to complete the residence treatment in Egypt.
Transit Visa – hardly ever required and only for certain nationalities
Only obtain a visa through the official gov web site this is certainly Egyptian.

Entry visas are acquired from Egyptian diplomatic and missions being consular or through the Entry Visa Department during the Travel Documents, Immigration and Nationality Administration (TDINA). Non-Egyptian travelers are required to possess a passport that is good except nationals of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy and Portugal who are able to use a nationwide ID card (in this situation, except at Sharm-el-Sheik airport, a photograph has to be brought along)

Citizens of numerous countries may have a month entry this is certainly solitary on arrival at significant things of entry. (Note if someone happens to have a formal or Diplomatic passport, it’s only for ordinary passport holders. that you will be NOT eligible for this visa) A USD25 fee is required on arrival. You need to spend the charge in US bucks and within the amount that is precise otherwise, your money will likely be exchanged for Egyptian pounds that may just then be exchanged into US dollars with double transformation costs. The change will likely be provided in Egyptian pounds (EGP). At airports, you need to obtain these from the bank company before the passport control; nonetheless, you’ll have no problem with one that is obtaining. Check with your closest Egyptian mission that is consular more details regarding visa laws signing up for your citizenship.

By Bus:

Travelers can certainly access Egypt by coach from Israel from the bus channels in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. You shall have a bus to Eilat where you could go over the border into Taba and take a coach to Cairo or into the Sinai. The Jordanian state coach organization, JETT, also works as a coach this is certainly direct Amman and Cairo which actually leaves at 03:00 from the JETT terminal in Amman and takes approximately 19 hours to attain Cairo. Generally speaking, only 2 or 3 buses leave from Taba towards the different destinations each day: one out of the early morning and one when you look at the afternoon and sometimes one in the evening that is early. You ought to plan your arrival by coach in Eilat correctly and get willing to spend the in either Eilat or Taba in the event that you will arrive in the night evening. All foreign people must pay an EGP 129 taxation at an office that is little the coach leaves the station. Also, know that all of the roads by bus must by requisite cross Israel; hold this in your mind in the event that you anticipate adding to travel to Syria, Iran, Libya, or any other countries which regularly deny entry to those with proof of journey to Israel in their passports.

By Car:

Gas is pretty cheap in Egypt, costs are heavily subsidized, and they have recently fallen to under USD1.50/gallon. You’ll not include significantly into the expense through gasoline if you opt to rent an automobile. Vehicle internet sites which are rental you to be at least 21 yrs old. Driving in Egypt is quite diverse from within a country this is certainly western. It is only as simple and probably less expensive to travel by taxi and round the nationwide country by air, train, and/or bus. As you will see soon after arrival, the obedience to traffic rules is low and there is hardly any indications road this is certainly showing. Motorists frequently travel at 65mph(105km/h) on town highways, and as quickly as 80mph(130km/h) or even more on desert highways. Fridays result in the amount that is least of traffic, due to many roads in big locations being deserted for Friday prayers.

Get Around :

By Train:

The business that is state-owned National Railways runs virtually all trains in Egypt. The Cairo-Alexandria course is heavily traveled by train, with frequent service daily. Overnight trains are around for vacation from Cairo to Luxor and Aswan, in Upper Egypt; these are run from a separate company this is certainly personal El Watania (Previously Abela Egypt). A First Class admission prices just a few bucks more than a Second class admission and you’ll think it is a great deal more pleasant and comfortable on ENR trains.

Train passes can be purchased at the most railroad that is major’ scheduling offices thoughts is broken in Egypt, although significant amounts of patience are frequently needed. It also is advisable to purchase seats ahead of time, since, at peak travel times, trains may be fully scheduled. Except during hectic vacation times, it’s not usually hard to buy a class that is first on the day of travel or even the time before. In order to prevent problems, book as far forward as you are able to.

People From Other Countries

Foreigners’ travel is subject to safety restrictions. A few internet sites report that foreigners tend to be permitted to get seats only on selected trains. You can hop on the train into the desired course and get tickets direct from a conductor. Note: this practice does not guarantee you the seat from the chair at a, later on, stop you have actually grabbed, so regardless of if it had been bare once you occupied it, new guests may force you.

You may possibly organize train admission expenditures by way of a vacation agency in Egypt, preferably at least the day you will spend some commission to avoid the unavoidable hassle of getting into the rail station before you intend to travel, but. Some vacation companies can ahead organize bookings of time via email, fax, or phone. You are joining the right queue if you choose to buy tickets during the Ramses Station in Cairo, there are many booking windows (for example, one for every class and set of spots), therefore check with locals (usually beneficial. The section offers passes for Egyptian weight, aside from the El that is luxurious Watania which needs to be compensated in foreign exchange (bucks, euros, or pounds sterling).

First Class tickets are reasonably inexpensive as well as a choice that is great although second-class will more than suffice for all. Air fitness tends to be very cold in very first and class this is certainly 2nd especially during the summer. Travelers will most likely not wish to encounter something below Second Class (the situation and supply of commodes, as an example, drops away quickly following this known amount). Into an empty chair – you may pay a tiny supplement as soon as your pass is examined, but it is worth it if you must travel in a lower course as a result of overbooking, choose the very first chance to “upgrade” yourself. Note that lavatory facilities on Egyptian trains are in best rudimentary, even yet in high grade. Therefore, it is advisable to prepare toiletries for long trips.

By Bus:

Egypt has a long-distance this is certainly extensive system, run mainly by government-owned companies. Their particular brands are Pullman, West Delta, Golden Arrow, Super Jet, East Delta, El Gouna, Upper Egypt Bus Co and Bedouin Bus. Popular routes tend to be managed by one or more organizations. Some bus businesses allow you to book seats in advance; some offer places in relation to accessibility to chairs.

Beware passes that are purchasing coach touts in the road or outside your resort. The smaller companies are often unlicensed and will cut corners with security. There were eight coaches that are really serious involving international nationals since January 2006, for which over 100 individuals have been killed. You should firmly teach the driver to decelerate if you’re a passenger inside a car that is traveling at an unsafe speed.

Road accidents are very common in Egypt, due primarily to bad roads, dangerous driving and non-enforcement of traffic laws and regulations. Authorities estimate that roadway accidents eliminate over 6,000 people in Egypt every year. This can be twice the figure this is certainly the UK. Various other quotes place the figure far greater.

By Taxi:

When you look at the locations, taxis are really low priced and way that is convenient of around. Although generally speaking safe, taxis drive as erratically as the rest of the motorists, especially in Cairo, and you should observe that sometimes taxis which are artificial around. Make sure they will have formal markings regarding the dashboard or somewhere else; the taxis are often painted in special tints to recognize all of them. In Cairo, the taxis are painted white with block dotted band around the front and fenders being back in Luxor they have been blue and white, and in Alexandria yellowish and black. In Cairo and Luxor it is often significantly more interesting to make use of the taxis as well as a manual that is great for traveling around in a tour coach.

A number of the taxis have actually meters, but most were calibrated utilizing statutory legislation from the 1970s prior to the oil crisis and are also never ever made use of. Seemingly, Cairo is alone in Egypt with having a populace this is certainly significant of metered cabs. All airport taxis have actually meters fitted and additionally, they are employed since Jan 2009, in Sharm El Sheikh. Usually, the way that is better is to ask at your hotel or someone you know from Egypt when it comes to prices from point-to-point. You might like to ask a pedestrian or policemen for the cost that is correct. The way that is best to employ a taxi is to get up on the medial side of this roadway and put out a hand. You shall don’t have any trouble attracting a taxi, especially if you are clearly a Westerner. Negotiate a destination and cost prior to getting to the vehicle. The repayment at the conclusion of your way, come out of this automobile and then make certain you have everything with you before offering the driver. If the motorist shouts, it’s probably OK, but you almost certainly paid too little if he steps from the vehicle. Prices are highly variable but examples tend to be EGP30 from central Cairo to Giza, EGP55 for a journey inside main Cairo and EGP25 for a hop that is brief the town. Keep in mind that locals pay a fraction of these prices but seldom significantly less than EGP15; The travel from Cairo to the airport ought to not ever increase to a lot more than 80 EGP or about 5 USD. You shouldn’t be lured to let them have much more because associated with the scenario that is financial usually, ripping off foreigners will become more widespread and doing so generally has a tendency to add to inflation. Observe that the prices listed below are currently somewhat inflated to your amount anticipated from tourists, not exactly what Egyptians would spend generally. You can even hire taxis for whole times, for between EGP 200-300 if taking place longer excursions such as for example to Saqqara and Dashur from Cairo. In the city, they are also a lot more than happy to wait in the event that you are likely to be wandering available for a couple of hours for you personally(often for a tiny additional cost, but ask the motorist), also.

By Plain:

The air that is domestic is quite extensive and covers most major towns in Egypt. The nationwide service, EgyptAir has many regular services and is the place that is easiest to begin searching before going. They provide solutions from Cairo to quite a towns being few attractions around the country, probably the most common being Luxor, Aswan, Abu Simbel, Hurghada, Sharm el-Sheikh, Alexandria, Marsa Matruh and Marsa Alam.

The airlines previously utilized pricing that is two-tier, which made fares more than four times more expensive for people from other countries than locals. After the start of 2007, they changed to a system in which everyone pays the fare this is certainly exact same of nationality. Fares are relatively cheap – for example, a return day at Luxor is about USD170 time. It is advisable to book early as routes fill up rapidly into the peak season. Neighborhood vacation companies have actually internet webpages and certainly will squeeze you in occasionally last minute, but it is safest to reserve beforehand. Travelers also can check always prices and book routes on EgyptAir’s site, but only with Visa or Mastercard. Online solution product sales near 72 hours in advance. Travel companies make bookings still. The national product sales call center is unable to offer tickets over the phone, but directs you to a vacation that is regional; you may pose a question to your resort staff about travel companies nearby. EgyptAir has a network this is certainly large of at strategic things around the nation, that may sell you seats.

Egypt’s biggest airline that is personal Nile Air also provides planned routes from Cairo and the Red Sea hotels of Hurghada and Sharm el-Sheikh.



the Pyramids of Giza and also the Sphinx
the Egyptian Museum
the pyramids and temples of Saqqara and Dahshur plus the Pyramid this is certainly collapsed of
Citadel of Salah El Din
Mosque of Mohamed Ali

Alexandria: The Great “the pearl of this Mediterranean” was one of several significant internet sites of Egyptian record since Alexandria ended up being launched in 332/31 BC by Alexander. The town created beneath the Ptolemies into the intellectual and social center of the whole Hellenistic globe after the loss of the Macedonian king. Great scholars worked and lived-in the Museion.

Alexandria, with a few historic sights in addition to spectacular Bibliotheca this is certainly brand new Alexandrina is the country’s primary summertime destination for Egyptians escaping the summer temperature and looking for a location to spend the summertime vacation. Attractions include Roman and Greek monuments, Bibliotheca Alexandria, Qa’edbay’s Castle, and Qasr El Montaza (El Montaza Palace).

Ain Sokhna: A type of mountains and relaxed gorgeous shores for miles and a selection of motels to meet different spending plans 90 min drive from Cairo for a knowledge that is relaxing a small grouping of friends or couples to remain there exists a must.

Port Stated: Port Said, is just one of the country’s main summertime resorts for Egyptians escaping summertime heat and seeking a spot to spend the summer vacation and also to have shopping benefiting its free-trade area, Tourist tourist attractions include the unique buildings for the city which back once again to the century that is 19th the old lighthouse of Port Said that has been the very first building-integrated the whole world using reinforced concrete.


In Aswan, you can view even more temples and monuments that are ancient. It is an area in the Nile River of Aswan which was grown by uncommon types of plants, woods, and blossoms.

Perhaps the most activity that is popular Luxor and Aswan is to do the Nile Cruise on a ship from Aswan to Luxor. It allows you to visit each place over the Nile where you are able to see all the famous old monuments along with knowledge becoming in the Nile River in the hotel boat that is five-star.

Red Sea: The Red Sea hotels at Sinai peninsula, including Dahab, Hurghada, and Sharm El Sheikh. The Red Sea offers a few of the dive locations which can be best in the entire world.

Sharm El Sheikh:

In Sharm El Sheikh, you may make different sorts of excursions as diving, safari and snorkelling. You may want to get from Sharm El Sheikh to visit Ras Mohammed, Cairo, Luxor and St. Catherine Monastery.

The places for the Sinai peninsula, including Saint Catherine’s Monastery and Mount Sinai. The desert that is western the oases truth be told there, including Siwa, Memphis, with a few relics of ancient Egypt – including a statue that is huge of II, evoking the image which inspired Percy Bysshe Shelley’s poem Ozymandias Dahshur Pyramids, Dahshur, Giza – Cairo, 08:00 – 17:00. Even though the pyramids of Dahshur are far less well-known and famous than these of Giza, they are never less charming. Dahshur was a real burial that is essential that mainly belonged to King Senfru, the daddy of King Cheops, while the very first builder of the proper pyramid in Egypt. Through the period of reign, in the middle of the century this is certainly 25th, King Senfru looked at creating the very first genuine pyramid of Egypt, which does not contain levels added to the top of one another. His effort that is first was Meidum, a place located towards the East associated with the town of Fayoum. 60.


There is a lot to complete for the traveler that is foreign to Egypt. Aside from visiting and seeing the temples that are old artifacts of ancient Egypt, there is much to see within each city. In reality, each city in Egypt has its charm this is certainly one of to see with its very own history, tradition, activities, and people which often differ in nature from people of other areas of Egypt.

Cairo, for instance, has actually much to complete and see. Besides the old Egyptian history, there is a reputation for Romans, Greeks, Byzantine Empire, Islamic kingdom, Ottomans, and lastly modern-day history this is certainly Egyptian.

Jewish and Christian History:

Jewish and Christian History see more about Egypt’s Christian and record that is Jewish go up to a local visitor company and ask all of them to offer names of regional Churches and Jewish Synagogues. There clearly were at least two synagogues being Jewish back a long time ago, when Egypt possessed a populace of a few hundred-thousand Jews in the nation, which eventually left throughout the formation of Israel.

There is a lot of old and interesting Churches to see in numerous regions of Cairo, including downtown Cairo, Heliopolis, Korba, Shubra, Abbasiya, Zamalek, and Maadi. Many of these churches have been in existence for several 100 years and their architecture resembles that of Churches in Western countries, usually built by Europeans who built a lot of the town’s design in the century that is 19th a resemblance to contemporary structures of Europe at the time.

Modern Cairo:

you will observe some of the more contemporary buildings and move on to feel the lifestyle in Egypt should you want to see contemporary Cairo, try walking when you look at the streets of Zamalek, Maadi, Mohandiseen, or Heliopolis where.

Cairo Tower :

is the tallest building in Egypt, and you will go the tower up and have now a pleasant supper by having a complete view of Cairo from the preceding. You can find telescopes that allow you to see magnified sections of town in more detail and enables the traveler to see a lot of the city in an amount that is in short supply.

Local Cafes/Coffeeshops and Restaurants:

For social times, try sitting in one of the cafes which can be local where you could satisfy and interact with fellow Egyptians. You’ll find so many coffee shops/cafes and restaurants all over Cairo all catering for different tastes and backgrounds and are the budget that is really extremely expensive.

Neighborhood chains feature Coffee Roastery, Cilantro, Grand Cafe, Costa Coffee and several other areas. Generally speaking, each particular area of Cairo has its cafes and restaurants.

Displaying and Recreational Clubs:

In the event that temperature is too much, you can visit one of many sports this is certainly popular for instance the Gezira Club located in Zamalek or the Seid Club (otherwise known in English because the Shooting Club) located in Mohandiseen, where you are able to have plunged at the children’s pool or perhaps enjoy sitting into the shade and convenience of lush trees and landscapes. Entrance for foreign people is gained by purchasing a ticket this is certainly one-day 150 Egyptian pounds which enables the individual to enjoy most of the facilities of club including playing any activities. You will find needless to say facilities which can be switching restaurants inside the club where one can have a meal or even a beverage after engaging in any task.


you are able to drink and dance to some of the most modern-day tunes within the west as well as listen to some Arabic songs in the event that you enjoy the nightlife, there are quite a few nightclubs and discos where. The music varies from Dance and Trance to Hip Hop, Rap, Techno, also Rock and Pop. These clubs are often positioned inside five-star accommodations or at places such as for instance Mohandiseen and Zamalek.

These include:

The Cairo Jazz Club (mohandiseen) Purple (on a ship in Zamalek) Hard Rock Cafe (in the hay-at this is certainly grand in Garden City) L’Obergine (club and club in Zamalek)

Desert activities:

for any other activities, decide to try going to the Haram District of Cairo. Truth be told there, you can circumambulate or employ a vehicle call at the wilderness by the pyramids as well as the Sphinx. The time that is better to do this is in the evening when you can finally see all the stars shining together into the sky and capture the magical sense of the place.

Nile Boat:

Try leasing out a Felucca boat (small-boat that will carry as much as 20 people) into the Nile of Cairo. There you are able to go through the beauty associated with the Nile together with the surrounding scenery, where you can understand the populous city and its particular structures and streets from in the liquid around. With regards to the weather, you can do this either-or night, but you will need to go into the Giza District and stroll over the corniche part of the Nile and have any of the locals for renting this boat day.

Islamic Cairo/Fatimid Cairo:

for all enthusiastic about the design that is Islamic history, take to likely to Islamic Cairo, ( el Gamalaya area or Khan El Khalili. There you will observe buildings which are many some mosques to discover just how buildings and homes were integrated into the Islamic Era of Egypt. There’s also a souk (or bazaar) where you can buy several different souvenirs and things.

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