Singapore is just a microcosm of Asia, populated by Malays, Chinese, Indians, and a team this is certainly huge of and expatriates from all across the whole world.

Singapore has a partly deserved track record of sterile predictability which includes earned-it descriptions like William Gibson’s “Disneyland using the demise penalty” or the “world’s just plaza by having a seat within the United Nations”. However, the Switzerland of Asia is for numerous a respite that is welcome the impoverishment, dust, and chaos of a lot of the Southeast Asian mainland, and in case you scrape underneath the squeaky clean surface and obtain away from the traveler path you are going to shortly find more than satisfies a person’s eye.


Singaporean food is popular, with active hawker centers and coffee this is certainly 24-hour supplying cheap food from all parts of Asia, and shoppers can bust their baggage allowances in shopping centers like Orchard Road and Suntec City. Some societal restrictions also have loosened up, and from now on you are able to bungee jump and dance on bar tops all night long, although liquor is still extremely expensive and nicotine gum can simply be purchased from a pharmacy for medical use in the last few years.

Two casino complexes — or “Integrated Resorts”, to utilize the Singaporean euphemism — opened this season in Sentosa and Marina Bay as part of Singapore’s new Fun and Entertainment drive, desire to becoming to double the true wide range of tourists going to while increasing the amount of time they remain within the nation. See Do, Gambling, here.


The initial records of Singapore time back once again to the second and third centuries in which a guide that is unclear its area was found in Greek and Chinese texts, beneath the brands of Savana (Σαβάνα) and Pu Luo Chung correspondingly.

According to legend, Srivijayan prince Sang Nila Utama landed on the area and, catching picture of the odd animal he called Singapura, Sanskrit for Lion City, c. 1299 that he thought was a lion, decided to look for a brand-new city. Alas, there have never been any lions anywhere near Singapore (until the Singapore Zoo launched) or elsewhere on Malaya in historical times, therefore the mystical beast had been more most likely a tiger or boar that is crazy.

More historic documents suggest that the area was satisfied at the least two hundreds of years early in the day and was known as Temasek, Javanese for “Sea Town”, plus an port that is important the Sumatran Srivijaya kingdom. Nevertheless, Srivijaya dropped around 1400 and Temasek, battered by the feuding kingdoms of Siam plus the Majapahit that is javanese into obscurity.

As Singapura, it then fleetingly regained importance like a trading center for the Melaka Sultanate and later, the Johor Sultanate. But, Portuguese raiders then destroyed the settlement and Singapura faded into obscurity once again.

The storyline of Singapore as we know it today started in 1819, when Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles made a deal with a claimant to the throne associated with the Sultanate of Johor: the British would help their claim in return for the ability to set a trading post through to the island.

Although the Dutch initially protested, the signing of the pact this is certainly anglo-Dutch 1824, which separated the Malay world into British and Dutch spheres of impact (leading to the present Malaysia-Indonesia and Singapore-Indonesia borders), ended the conflict. The Dutch renounced their particular claim to Singapore and ceded their colony in Malacca to your British, in return for the Uk ceding their particular colonies on Sumatra towards the Dutch.


Despite its size that is little includes a variety of languages, religions, and countries. Former Prime Ministers of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew and Goh Chok Tong have actually stated that Singapore does not fit the standard description of a country, calling it a society-in-transition, pointing out the fact that Singaporeans don’t all speak the language that is exactly the same share exactly the same faith or have similar traditions. Each Singaporean’s behaviors and attitudes tend to be impacted by, among other things, his / her house religion and language. Singaporeans just who talk English because their language is local tend slim toward Western culture, while those who talk Chinese because of their native language have a tendency to slim toward Chinese culture and Confucianism. Malay-speaking Singaporeans often tend to slim toward Malay culture, which itself is closely connected to the culture that is Islamic. Racial and religious balance is considered by Singaporeans being an essential section of Singapore’s success and played a component in creating an identification this is certainly Singaporean.

When Singapore became independent through the United Kingdom in 1963, many residents which are Singaporean transient laborers that have no purpose of keeping permanently. There was additionally a minority that is significant of, locally born people—known as Peranakans or Baba-Nyonya—descendants of 15th- and 16th-century Chinese immigrants. Apart from the Peranakans who pledged their particular loyalties to Singapore, almost all of the laborers’ loyalties were put along with their particular homelands of Malaysia, China and India. After independence, the federal government began a deliberate procedure of crafting an identity this is certainly Singaporean culture. Singapore features a reputation as a suggestion that is a nanny. The federal government also places emphasis on this is certainly heavy meritocracy, where a person is evaluated based on an individual’s ability.

The nationwide rose of Singapore could be the orchid that is crossbreed Vanda ‘Miss Joaquim’, known as in memory of a Singapore-born Armenian woman, just who crossbred the flower in her own garden at Tanjong Pagar in 1893. Many symbols which can be national as the Coat of hands of Singapore and also the Lion head image of Singapore make use of the lion, as Singapore is known as the Lion City. Major festivals that are religious public breaks.


Singapore comes with 63 countries, such as the island which is certainly the main Pulau Ujong. There are two man-made contacts to Johor, Malaysia: the Woodlands 1st Link when you look at the north and the Tuas 2nd Link into the west. Jurong Island, Pulau Tekong, Pulau Ubin and Sentosa are the largest of Singapore’s smaller islands. The highest point is natural Bukit Timah Hill at 163.63 m (537 ft).[194] Under Brit rule, Christmas Island and also Cocos Islands were sections of Singapore, but both had been transferred to Australia in 1957. Pedra Branca is the country’s easternmost point.

Land reclamation projects had increased Singapore’s land location from 580 km2 (220 sq mi) in the 1960s to 710 km2 (270 sq mi) by 2015, a growth of some 22% (130 km2). The nation is projected to reclaim another 766 km2 (300 sq mi) by 2030. Some tasks involve merging smaller countries through land reclamation to make bigger, much more islands that can be functional as happens to be completed with Jurong Island. The type of sand used in reclamation is found in streams and beaches, in places of deserts, and it is in great demand around the world. The demand is so that Indonesia, Malaysia, and Vietnam have all limited or banned the export of sand to Singapore in the past few years in 2010 Singapore brought in almost 15 million a lot of sand for the projects. As a result, in 2016 Singapore turned to polders being using reclamation, in which a place is enclosed then pumped dry.


Singapore is one-and-a-half degrees north regarding the equator, lying entirely amongst the first and parallels which are 2nd. Singapore’s weather is classified as an exotic rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af), with no true distinct periods. Owing to its geographical area and maritime publicity, its weather is characterized by uniform temperature and force, large moisture and rainfall that is abundant. Consequently, it is almost always damp and cozy. The average rain is certainly annual around 2,340 mm (92.1 in). The best rainfall that is 24-hour ever before recorded in history were 512.4 mm (20.2 in) (2 December 1978) at Paya Lebar, 467 mm (18.4 in) (1969) and 366 mm (14.4 in) (19 December 2006).

The temperature hovers around a variety that is diurnal of the least 25 °C (77.0 °F) and an optimum of 33 °C (91.4 °F). May is the month this is certainly the hottest of the year in Singapore, accompanied by June. This is certainly due to light winds and sunlight this is certainly powerful those months. The highest temperature this is certainly recorded 37.0 °C (98.6 °F) on 17 April 1983. The lowest recorded temperature was 19.0 °C (66.2 °F) in 14 1989 at Paya Lebar in February. The temperature usually goes above 33.2 °C (91.8 °F) and that can attain 35 °C (95 °F) at times.

General humidity has a range that is diurnal the large 90s during the early morning to around 60% into the mid-afternoon but does go below 50% at times. During prolonged rain that is hefty general humidity usually hits 100%. Usually, there clearly was a lot more rainfall on the side this is certainly western of the area than in the eastern percentage of Singapore, because of a rainfall shadow effect.

Hence, the medial side this is certainly eastern of is much drier and slightly hotter than western Singapore. This might cause weather condition that is minor from 1 region of the island to the other. This can be significant to notice because even a slope this is certainly tiny as Bukit Timah Hill could cause this occurrence. Despite Singapore’s small size, there could be sunlight on a single side since there is rain on the other side.

Further contrasts that counter true uniformity this is certainly all-year the monsoon seasons which happen twice every year. The first person is the Northeast Monsoon which happens from mid-November to early March. The second is the Southwest Monsoon season which occurs from to September June. Times between monsoon periods get less wind and rainfall. During the Northeast Monsoon, northeast winds prevail, occasionally get to 20 km/h (12 miles per hour). There tend to be cloudy problems in and January with frequent afternoon baths in December.

Spells of widespread moderate to rain that is heavy lasting from 1 to 3 days at a stretch. It’s reasonably dry in till early March although rainfall still exceeds 120mm February. Additionally, it is generally windy with wind rates occasionally reaching 30 to 50 km/h (19 to 31 miles per hour) into the months of and February January. Throughout the Southwest Monsoon period, southeast winds prevail. Isolated to scattered showers occur in the belated early morning and afternoon that is early. Early”Sumatras” – squall lines that originate over close by Sumatra – are common mornings.


Singapore holds occasions which can be many 12 months. Several of its celebrations which can be famous events are the Singapore Food Festival, the Singapore Grand Prix, the Singapore Arts Festival, the Chingay Parade, the World Gourmet Summit and ZoukOut.

Ultra Singapore music Festival is yet another festival this is certainly popular in Singapore, and 2017’s line-up featured well-known acts such as for instance Kygo and Afrojack. Christmas is also widely celebrated in Singapore, a period where city streets and departmental stores along its shopping that is famous belt roadway are illuminated up and embellished with radiant colors. Every year, and is a screen of precious treasures, famous jewels and masterpieces from intercontinental jewelers and developers in inclusion, the Singapore Jewel Festival lures many tourists.

Get in

Each time you enter Singapore you shall need to fill an immigration card. Very carefully ensure that it stays after immigration clearance, it when you exit for your needs need certainly to get back. You need to continue this procedure every time you exit and re-enter if you intend to go to nearby Malaysia or Indonesia. Try not to fret on which to put in the “exit port”, simply put the populous city you can expect to come back to on your own last trip.

Singapore has a visa this is certainly relatively easy: many nationalities can enter Singapore without a visa for as much as 30 days. Exceptions and customizations to the rule are given below:

Nationals of all European Union member states, Australia, Norway, South Korea, Switzerland, therefore the United States can enter Singapore without a visa for approximately 3 months.

Nationals of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China (PRC), Georgia, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, North Korea, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan will have to apply for a visa(E-visa that is internet-based or in the closest Singaporean diplomatic mission or certainly one of its authorized visa representatives outside Singapore. E-visas should be imprinted out and proven to the immigration officials upon arrival in Singapore.

Nationals associated with the Commonwealth of Independent States, Georgia, India, China (PRC), Turkmenistan and Ukraine may today enter Singapore for up to 96 hours (4 times) without having a visa, provided they will have a legitimate air ticket this is certainly onward. Extra demands tend to be enforced for India and China, begin to see the Visa Free Transit Facility section of this ICA website to learn more.

By plane

Singapore is Southeast Asia’s aviation hub this is certainly the largest, so unless you’re originating from Peninsular Malaysia or Batam/Bintan in Indonesia, the simplest way to enter Singapore is by air. Along with Singapore this is certainly flag-carrier airlines] and its own local subsidiary SilkAir, Singapore can also be residence to low-cost providers Tiger Airways, Jetstar Asia and Scoot.

Every provider of any size in Asia provides routes to Singapore, with pan-Asian rebate service AirAsia and Malaysian local operator Firefly operating thick sites from Singapore aside from the residents.  There are services that are direct Europe, the Middle East, Australia, New Zealand, North America, and even South Africa. Singapore is particularly preferred on the “Kangaroo Route” between Australia and Europe, with air companies like KLM, Mann Travel, British Airways, Etihad Airways and Emirates using Singapore once the stopover point.

By road

Singapore is related by two land crossings to Peninsular Malaysia:

The Causeway is definitely a preferred and thus entry that is terminally congested connecting Woodlands when you look at the north of Singapore straight into the heart of Johor Bahru. While congestion is not as bad because it used to be, the Causeway remains jam-packed on evenings (towards Malaysia) and Sunday nights (towards Singapore) Friday. The Causeway may be entered by bus, train, automobile, or taxi, however, it is not possible to get across by walking after Malaysia changed its traditions and immigration complex 2km inland.

A crossing that is 2nd Malaysia and Singapore referred to as 2nd Link, has been built between Tuas in western Singapore and Tanjung Kupang into the western element of Johor condition. Considerably faster and less congested than the Causeway, it really is utilized by a number of the deluxe coach services to Kuala Lumpur and is highly suggested for those who have your car. There is certainly only one bus that is infrequent the 2nd Link, and just Malaysian “limousine” taxis are allowed to cross it (and charge RM150 and up for the privilege). Walking across is also not allowed, not too there are any means that are practical continue the journey from either end if you did.

By train

Malaysia’s Keretapi Tanah Melayu (Malayan Railway or KTMB) works a shuttle train service between Woodlands Train Checkpoint in Singapore and JB Sentral in Johor Bahru. The trains have actually devoted immigration and customized check places separated from the really busy roadway checkpoints, and get you across the Causeway without getting trapped in traffic while less regular and more high priced than buses, while the Woodlands KTMB station is a bus ride out of the MRT system. For trains to various locations in Malaysia, see Johor Bahru#By train and train that is malaysia#By.

The Shuttle Tebrau solution operates 17 trips per from JB Sentral, and 14 trips each day from Woodlands time:

JB Sentral to Woodlands: 05:00, 05:25, 05:55, 06:20, 07:30, 08:40, 09:50, 11:20, 12:50, 14:20, 15:30, 16:40, 17:50, 19:00, 20:10, 21:20, 22:30

Woodlands to JB Sentral: 07:20, 08:30, 09:40, 10:50, 12:20, 13:50, 15:20, 16:30, 17:40, 18:50, 20:00, 21:10, 22:20, 23:30

Gates available thirty minutes before each deviation for immigration boarding and clearance, and close 10 minutes before deviation. For departures from Woodlands Train Checkpoint, avoid showing up very early as you can find extremely services being restricted and commodes are merely offered after immigration. Photography and video clip recording are forbidden in the train checkpoint.

Passes tend to be priced at RM5 (S$1.67) for JB-Woodlands and S$5 for Woodlands-JB. Return seats are priced dual in the money of the point of origin, making JB-Woodlands-JB RM10 (S$3.33) and Woodlands-JB-Woodlands S$10. Tickets can be purchased as much as 30 days in advance, either in individual at KTMB ticket counters or using the internet through the KTMB e-ticketing site, and sold as much as 15 minutes before departure if however offered. Reserving ahead of time is advised, because the solution is preferred among commuters and buyers, in certain weekday mornings departures from JB Sentral (usually snatched up as soon as tickets are released for scheduling thirty day period in advance) and weekend evenings departures from JB Sentral (usually out of stock on the early morning of deviation) weekend.

By taxi

There’s also a choice of having a taxi between Singapore and Johor Bahru. The key benefit is yourself) through Immigration and Customs at both finishes; you can simply sit in the automobile that you don’t need certainly to lug your stuff (or.

While regular taxis are not allowed to get across the edge, specifically licensed taxis can be taken from Larkin Bus Terminal in Johor Bahru (RM80 per taxi, or RM20 per individual in the event that you share with others), and Ban San St Taxi Kiosk (same place as Queen St coach Terminal) in Singapore ($48 per taxi or $12 per person). Both Singapore-registered and taxis which can be Malaysian-registered available. Singapore-registered taxis can everywhere enable you to get to in Singapore but could only check-out Larkin in Johor Bahru, while Malaysian-registered taxis bring you to anywhere in Malaysia but could just go to Ban San St in Singapore. Drop-off points other than the taxi terminal within the location nation may bear fees which can extra seek advice from the motorist before boarding. Booking is present by phone from Pengurusan Terminal Teksi Johor Bahru-Singapore (Malaysian taxis) at ☎ +60 7 222 5898 or +60 7 224 6986, and Singapore-Johore Taxi Operators’ Association (Singapore taxis) at ☎ +65 6296 7054.

A combination trip from anywhere in Singapore to anywhere in Malaysia could be arranged, but you’ll need certainly to swap taxis halfway through: this may price $55 or more, compensated towards the motorist that is Singaporean. Many options that is expensive to have a limousine taxi specially licensed to simply take guests from any point to any destination, but only a few can be found and additionally, they charge a steep RM150 upwards per travel beginning Malaysia, or $130 upwards per journey starting from Singapore. Advance reservation is recommended, ☎ +60 7 599 1622.

Get around

Getting around Singapore is not difficult: the transportation this is certainly general public is very simple to use and taxis are sensibly priced when you’re able to get one. Hardly any site visitors automobiles which can be a lease. CityMapper Singapore and Google Maps do quite a great job of finding out the path this is certainly fastest by MRT and bus and even calculating taxi fares between any two things.

The EZ-link contactless RFID farecard or a Nets Flash Pay card may well be a beneficial purchase if you’re residing in Singapore for a while or are preparing to come back to Singapore several times in the future. Those who are acquainted with Hong Kong’s Octopus card, London Underground’s Oyster card, Washington DC’s SmarTrip card, or Japan Railway’s IC cards will comprehend the idea quickly associated with EZ-link and NETS FlashPay card. You can easily keep worth on the MRT trains in addition to all town buses at a 15% discount on it and use it. The card costs $12, including a $7 saved value, plus the card may be “topped up” in increments with a minimum of $10 during the farecard machines which can be vending 7-Eleven stores (the latter enables a top-up for the convenience charge). You can use the card this is certainly exact same 5 years. It is possible to return the card to get unused credit out however the $5 noncard cost is certainly refundable. The card technology had been altered in 2009, but they are exchanged 100% free with value intact at TransitLink workplaces in most MRT channels for those who have any old cards lying around. Now you can also make use of your Visa or MasterCard that has Paywave on public transport. You can also link your Visa/MasterCard to Apple Pay or Google Pay on your phone to go into the buses/MRT. Be careful, there exists a charge that is 50c for each deal for foreign Visa/MasterCard/Apple Pay/Google Pay. There aren’t any fees for Singaporean cards though.

By rail

The MRT (Mass Rapid Transit) and LRT (Light railway Transit) tend to be trained to be the trunk this is certainly the primary of’s transportation system. They’re a low priced and extremely mode this is certainly dependable of, and also the system addresses many points of interest for the visitor. EZ-link or Nets FlashPay farecards (described above) will be the easiest & most ways which are preferred to make use of the MRT. All outlines are effortlessly incorporated, no matter if the lines are managed by different transport companies, so you do not need to obtain a violation that is a new transfer. All train lines make use of contactless tickets that are RFID. Simply tap to scan your train solution at the gantry when exiting and going into the train service area. Single-trip tickets are ordered from admission machines located before the gantries and cost from $0.80 to $2.20. A $0.10 deposit is recharged when buying a violation card that is new. The deposit is refunded in double through a $0.10 fare reduction each in the 3rd and trips this is certainly 6th with the card. To load a ticket this is certainly brand-new and existing card in a passing machine, simply place it on the designated place and proceed with the on-screen instructions.

By bus

Buses connect various corners of Singapore, but they are slower and harder to use as compared to MRT. The benefit though for this is you get to understand places rather than a dark underground tunnel at a high price that is reasonable. You’ll spend money (coins) in buses, but the fare stage system is very complex (it’s easiest to ask the motorist for the purchase price to your location), you are recharged marginally much more and there’s no provision to get a modification. Payment with EZ-link or Nets Flashpay card is thus the strategy that is easiest: touch your card resistant to the reader at the front entrance of the bus whenever boarding, as well as an optimum fare, is deducted from the card. Whenever you alight, once more touch your card in the exit, plus the distinction is refunded. Be sure you tap on, or perhaps you’ll end up spending the maximum fare! Inspectors periodically prowl buses to test that everyone’s features are paid or tapped, so those people who are on visitor passes should touch before sitting yourself down day. Dishonest bus commuters threat getting fine $20 for maybe not spending or fares being underpaying by early tapping-out) and $50 for improper utilization of concession cards. Another advantage of EZ-link or Nets Flashpay cards is that you will be able to enjoy fares being distance-based steer clear of the boarding charge.

After midnight on Fridays, Saturdays and before community holidays only, the NightRider services are a method in which is fairly convenient of around, with seven outlines working every 20min. All services drive through the nightlife that is significant of Boat Quay, Clarke Quay, Mohamed Sultan and Orchard before splintering off. There exists a level fare of $4.00, the card that is EZ-link acknowledged however the Singapore Tourist Pass is not valid with this range.

As mentioned earlier in the day, go Provides you with choices as to which buses will take you from your destination or origin.

By taxi

Taxis use yards consequently they are reasonably honest and priced, but, a shortage of taxis in Singapore means that they are generally unavailable for hours at the same time. External weekday top hours, trips within the populous town center must not run you significantly more than ten dollars as well an a-trip right throughout the area from Changi to Jurong will likely not break the $35 mark. If you should be in a combined band of a few, it is sometimes cheaper and faster to take a taxi as compared to MRT. Be aware, however, that taxis in many cases are remarkably difficult to secure, specifically during a maximum commute or shopping hours, or if you have weather condition that is inclement. The advent of ride-sharing applications (see below) has actually mitigated this somewhat, though do expect surcharges during times of popularity.

Taxi pricing is essentially identical across all ongoing organizations at $3.00-$3.20 as a flag down rate (with regards to the variety of automobile made use of), which lasts you 1km before increments of $0.22 per 400m (when it comes to first 10km) or $0.22 per 350m (after the first 10km). (the exclusion is certainly single SMRT’s huge black colored Chryslers, which charge $5 then $0.30 per 385m.) Watch out for shocks though: there are a myriad of top time (25%), evening (50%), main company area ($3), trips from the airport, or even the IRs ($3-$5 during top hours), phone scheduling ($3.00 and up) and Electronic Road Pricing surcharges, which may put in a considerable add up to your taxi fare. All such fees tend to be shown regarding the base right-hard part regarding the meter, recorded into the receipt this is certainly printed explained in tedious information within a sticker on the screen; if you believe the cab driver is attempting to pull a fast one, call the organization and request an explanation. Note that there’s no surcharge for trips to the airport. While all taxis tend to be prepared to handle (consequently they are required to accept) bank cards, in rehearse numerous cabbies usually do not accept payment this is certainly electric. Always ask before getting in. Having to pay by charge card will incur a surcharge that is an extra of%. During rush hour in the city center, or late through the night from the vacations, it makes sense to call for a taxi from the scheduling this is certainly unified at ☎ +65 6342 5222 (6-DIAL-CAB). Some taxi businesses provide reserving via SMS, online and app that is cellular.

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